Julio C Palmaz, MD, FAHA, FSIR, FAIMBE
Julio C. Palmaz, received his MD in 1971 from the National University of La Plata, Argentina and completed his radiology specialty training at the University of California, Davis in 1980. He began his professional career in 1974 at San Martin University Hospital, Argentina, and was Chief of Special Procedures at Martinez Veterans Administration Hospital in 1981. In 1983, Dr. Palmaz joined the University of Texas Health Sciences Department of Radiology as Chief of Angiography and Special Procedures, and currently is Ashbel Smith Tenured Professor at the University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio.
Dr. Palmaz conceived, and developed the first clinically successful balloon expandable vascular stent in the early 1980s. The Palmaz stent was the first intravascular stent approved by the FDA in 1991 and provided the generic basic design for all subsequent balloon expandable stents since. Dr. Palmaz’s initial device was used for the first successful abdominal aortic stent-grafts and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts, now also common procedures throughout the world. This device has found applications beyond the arterial system, including veins (peripheral, central, and pulmonary), the biliary ducts, and the tracheobronchial tree. As such, it has become part of the standard armamentarium of a broad spectrum of medial specialties.
Dr. Palmaz has remained very active in basic research, with specific interest and productivity in the area of cellular and molecular response to intravascular metallic implants. He was also instrumental in the design and execution of early clinical trials in the application of stents in coronary, and peripheral arteries. These trials became benchmarks for subsequent clinical investigations of metallic stents.
Dr. Palmaz has 50 issued patents (US, European, Canadian) and is the author of 30 books or book chapters and 106 peer-reviewed publications. For two years in a row, his patent on the balloon-expandable stent was recognized as one of the “Ten patents that changed the world” published in Intellectual Property International magazine. His early stent research artifacts are in display at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He continues to innovate on his initial designs, developing new endovascular devices as Scientific Advisor of Vactronix Sientific in California Silicon Valley.
Dr. Palmaz delivered the SIR Dotter Lecture in 2001 and was an SIR Gold Medalist in 2007. In January 2003 Dr. Palmaz received the Presidential Distinguished Scholar Award from the University of Texas San Antonio. He received the title of “Master of Interventional Cardiology” from the Argentina College of Cardiology and “Extraordinary Professor” from the National University of La Plata, Argentina. In 2005 he was named Distinguished Scientist of the American Heart Association. He also received honorary titles or awards from numerous societies around the world, including the International Society of Endovascular Surgery, the German Roentgen Society, The Rotterdam Thoraxcenter in Holland, the Society of Cardiac Angiography and the Cardiovascular Institute of the South. In 2006 he was inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame, and in 2013 became Charter Fellow of the American Academy of Inventors. He was named Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, and honored with a Medical Innovation Stent Exhibit at the Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum. In 2007 he received the Chancellor's Entrepreneurship and Innovation Award from the University of Texas System, and received the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) Gold Medal.